Let’s pretend you did some research and wrote a paper that got published. Say also that predicted a stunning shortfall of an expensively and highly educated population of employees. The paper was received well and embraced by most everyone. It became a driver for change.
A mere two or three years later you realized you were wrong. Badly wrong.
Shouldn’t you have told someone?
I hope that I would have the courage and wherewithal to retract my original work early on. And the apologize. Profusely.